Sri Lanka leopard

Sri Lanka leopard Panthera pardus kotiya (EEP)

ClassMammalia
OrderCarnivora
FamilyFelidae
Size1.4–1.9m
Weight♂ 55kg, ♀ 30kg
Gestation3 months
Birth2-3
Life-spanup to 20 years in zoos
Diet
carnivorous (deer, buffalo, porcupines…)

Habitat
tropical forest

Range
Sri Lanka


Leopards are renowned for their ability to blend into their surroundings. Solitary creatures, they continually mark their territory in order to keep other leopards away. They are excellent climbers, able to hoist prey more than twice their own weight into a tree.
 
Females stay with their young for their first few days of life but have to go out hunting before long. They leave them hidden in dense vegetation, cracks in rocks or hollow trees but change their hiding place regularly as they are extremely vulnerable to predators when she is away.
 
The young acquire independence at about the age of one year. Males head off to conquer a new territory, whereas females remain close to their birthplace, sometimes encroaching on their mother’s territory.
 
Of the 9 leopard sub-species, the most endangered are those in Asia, who are victims of deforestation and being hunted for their skin. Their bones are also used in traditional Asian medicine instead of those of tigers, which have become too rare.




Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)

  • Not evaluated
    NE
  • Data deficient
    DD
  • Least concern
    LC
  • Near threatened
    NT
  • Vulnerable
    VU
  • Endangered
    EN
  •  Critically endangered
    CR
  • Extinct in the wild
    EW
  • Extinct
    EX

In the zoo