Scimitar-horned oryx

Scimitar-horned oryx Oryx dammah (EEP)

ClassMammalia
OrderArtiodactyla
FamilyBovidae
Sizeup to 1.2m to withers
Weight180-200kg (♂)
Gestation8½ months
Birth1
Life-span22 years
Diet
herbivorous

Habitat
semi-desert zones, grassy steppes

Range
North Africa


Both male and female oryx have horns. They spend most of their time looking for food. At the hottest times of day, they ruminate in the shade.
 
Scimitar-horned oryx used to be very common across the Sahara, with a population of almost 1 million. Over time, excessive hunting, climate changes leading to the expansion of the Sahara and competition with livestock decimated the species, which is now extinct in the wild. 
 
Several zoo breeding programs have resulted in the reintroduction of scimitar-horned oryx into secure reserves in Tunisia, Morocco and Senegal. 




Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)

  • Not evaluated
    NE
  • Data deficient
    DD
  • Least concern
    LC
  • Near threatened
    NT
  • Vulnerable
    VU
  • Endangered
    EN
  •  Critically endangered
    CR
  • Extinct in the wild
    EW
  • Extinct
    EX

In the zoo