Indian peafowl

Indian peafowl Pavo cristatus

ClassAves
OrderGalliformes
FamilyPhasianidae
Size1.8–2.3m including the tail (♂)
Weight5kg
Incubation28–30 days
Eggs4-6
Life-spanup to 20 years
Diet
grains, fruit, invertebrates, small reptiles

Habitat
open forest

Range
India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal


This cousin of the pheasant and symbolic bird of India eats at ground level in the daytime and perches in the trees to sleep, thus reducing the chances of falling victim to predators. Sedentary creatures, they live in small groups and defend their territory during the mating season.
 
Males are distinguished from females by the metallic blue-green colour of their head, neck and chest but also by their tail feathers, which can reach a length of 1.5m and form an iridescent train that unfurls into a spectacular fan, especially during courtship displays. Success with the female is determined by the quality of the tail-spread, length of the train and time spent on the display.
 
Chicks follow their mother soon after hatching. They reach adulthood at about the age of one year but males do not sport their definitive finery until the age of 3.




Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)

  • Not evaluated
    NE
  • Data deficient
    DD
  • Least concern
    LC
  • Near threatened
    NT
  • Vulnerable
    VU
  • Endangered
    EN
  •  Critically endangered
    CR
  • Extinct in the wild
    EW
  • Extinct
    EX

In the zoo