Pigmy marmoset Cebuella pygmaea
Life-spanup to 15 years in zoos
omnivorous (gum, invertebrates, occasionally fruits)
Amazon Basin (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia)
Pigmy marmosets are the smallest primates. Newborns weigh only about 15g and measure less than 6cm.
They eat mainly insects and sap/gum that they extract from trees and creepers. Using their incisors, they create holes 1–2cm wide and 1cm deep in the bark of trees to stimulate the flow of gum.
In the 1970s, pigmy marmosets were intensively hunted for the illegal pet trade, which led to them being listed in Annexe 1 of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). The trade in pigmy marmosets remains tightly regulated, although they are no longer listed in Annexe 1 as they are not longer endangered as a whole.
Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)
- Not evaluatedNE
- Data deficientDD
- Least concernLC
- Near threatenedNT
- Critically endangeredCR
- Extinct in the wildEW