Southern ground-hornbill

Southern ground-hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri (ESB)

ClassAves
OrderCoraciiformes
FamilyBucerotidae
Size1m
Weight3.5-4kg
Incubation37–41 days
Eggs2
Life-spanabout 40 years
Diet
carnivorous (insects, small animals, occasionally berries and fruit)

Habitat
steppes, savannah

Range
Africa


These are the largest of all hornbills. 
 
They live in groups of 2–12, vigorously defending territories that can cover up to 100km2.
 
Southern ground-hornbills nest in the cavities of large trees. Females lay 2 eggs but generally only one chick is raised. Young hornbills leave the nest at about 3 months of age. Their parents continue to guide and protect them until they are fully grown and achieve total independence at the age of 6–8 years.




Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)

  • Not evaluated
    NE
  • Data deficient
    DD
  • Least concern
    LC
  • Near threatened
    NT
  • Vulnerable
    VU
  • Endangered
    EN
  •  Critically endangered
    CR
  • Extinct in the wild
    EW
  • Extinct
    EX

In the zoo