Scarlet ibis

Scarlet ibis Eudocimus ruber

ClassAves
OrderCiconiiformes
FamilyThreskiornithidae
Size65cm
Weight800g
Incubation21–23 days
Eggs2
Life-span20 years
Diet
crustaceans, molluscs, amphibians, small fish

Habitat
wetlands, swamps

Range
South America (from Colombia to eastern Brazil)


Adult scarlet ibises are recognisable by their bright-red colour, whereas the young have a dull grey-brown plumage with a white belly. The flamboyant colouring of the adults is due to their carotenoid-rich diet.
 
Ibises nest in colonies. Both parents incubate, feed and protect chicks against predators. Chicks grow quickly: they fly from about 40 days of age and become completely independent after 2 and a half months.
 
Although it is not listed among endangered species, the scarlet ibis is hunted for its meat, and its feathers are used in local crafts.




Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)

  • Not evaluated
    NE
  • Data deficient
    DD
  • Least concern
    LC
  • Near threatened
    NT
  • Vulnerable
    VU
  • Endangered
    EN
  •  Critically endangered
    CR
  • Extinct in the wild
    EW
  • Extinct
    EX

In the zoo