Scarlet ibis Eudocimus ruber
crustaceans, molluscs, amphibians, small fish
South America (from Colombia to eastern Brazil)
Adult scarlet ibises are recognisable by their bright-red colour, whereas the young have a dull grey-brown plumage with a white belly. The flamboyant colouring of the adults is due to their carotenoid-rich diet.
Ibises nest in colonies. Both parents incubate, feed and protect chicks against predators. Chicks grow quickly: they fly from about 40 days of age and become completely independent after 2 and a half months.
Although it is not listed among endangered species, the scarlet ibis is hunted for its meat, and its feathers are used in local crafts.
Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)
- Not evaluatedNE
- Data deficientDD
- Least concernLC
- Near threatenedNT
- Critically endangeredCR
- Extinct in the wildEW