Pigmy marmoset

Pigmy marmoset Cebuella pygmaea

ClassMammalia
OrderPrimates
FamilyCallithricidae
Size12–16cm
Weight85–140g
Gestation4½ months
Birth1-3
Life-spanup to 15 years in zoos
Diet
omnivorous (gum, invertebrates, occasionally fruits)

Habitat
rainforest

Range
Amazon Basin (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia)


Pigmy marmosets are the smallest primates. Newborns weigh only about 15g and measure less than 6cm.
 
They eat mainly insects and sap/gum that they extract from trees and creepers. Using their incisors, they create holes 1–2cm wide and 1cm deep in the bark of trees to stimulate the flow of gum.
 
In the 1970s, pigmy marmosets were intensively hunted for the illegal pet trade, which led to them being listed in Annexe 1 of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). The trade in pigmy marmosets remains tightly regulated, although they are no longer listed in Annexe 1 as they are not longer endangered as a whole.




Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)

  • Not evaluated
    NE
  • Data deficient
    DD
  • Least concern
    LC
  • Near threatened
    NT
  • Vulnerable
    VU
  • Endangered
    EN
  •  Critically endangered
    CR
  • Extinct in the wild
    EW
  • Extinct
    EX

In the zoo