Pied tamarin

Pied tamarin Saguinus bicolor bicolor (EEP)

ClassMammalia
OrderPrimates
FamilyCallithricidae
Size23–33cm
Weight480–600g
Gestation5 months
Birth2
Life-span20 years in zoos
Diet
omnivorous (fruit, gum, nectar, insects)

Habitat
secondary tropical forest

Range
Brazil (north and east of Manaus)


Listed in Annexe 1 of the Washington Convention, pied tamarins are one of the most endangered Amazonian primates because of their extremely small range (the Manaus region of Brazil) and the destruction of their habitat (deforestation in favour of urban growth and farming).
 
They live in groups of several males and females averaging 2–8 in number, but only the dominant female breeds. Pied tamarins communicate in various ways: vocally (tweets, whistles), chemically (olfactory marking), by touch (grooming) and by gesture (postures, mimicry).
 
Tamarins are unique among primates in that the male and other members of the group help raise the young (they carry them, only returning them to the mother for breastfeeding). At birth, young pied tamarins have hairs on the top of their heads that they lose as they grow up.
 
Pied tamarin conservation is coordinated by the Brazilian government in partnership with international institutions and NGOs. The captive breeding program involves several zoos in Brazil, the United States and Europe.




Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)

  • Not evaluated
    NE
  • Data deficient
    DD
  • Least concern
    LC
  • Near threatened
    NT
  • Vulnerable
    VU
  • Endangered
    EN
  •  Critically endangered
    CR
  • Extinct in the wild
    EW
  • Extinct
    EX

In the zoo