Nicobar pigeon

Nicobar pigeon Caloenas nicobarica

ClassAves
OrderColumbiformes
FamilyColumbidae
Size35-40cm
Weight500-600g
Incubation20 days
Eggs1
Life-spanup to 20 years in zoo
Diet
fruit, berries, grains, insects

Habitat
mangroves and forests

Range
Nicobar Islands west of the Malay peninsula, as far as the Solomon Islands to the east and the Philippines to the north


This species is monogamous, with couples mating for life.
 
Males and female Nicobar pigeons take turns incubating the egg. When the chick is first born, the parents feed it by means of regurgitation. After a few days, the chick starts to swallow its first fruit and grains. In less than a month, it can look after itself.
 
Nicobar pigeons have particularly muscular gizzards that allow them to grind very hard nuts.
 
Despite being an endangered species, they are still hunted for their meat and for illegal trade. They are seriously endangered by the introduction of invasive species (rats, cats) to their territories.




Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)

  • Not evaluated
    NE
  • Data deficient
    DD
  • Least concern
    LC
  • Near threatened
    NT
  • Vulnerable
    VU
  • Endangered
    EN
  •  Critically endangered
    CR
  • Extinct in the wild
    EW
  • Extinct
    EX

In the zoo