Lion

Lion Panthera leo

ClassMammalia
OrderCarnivora
FamilyFelidae
Size♂ 1.7–2.5m, ♀ 1.6–1.9m
Weight♂ 190kg, ♀ 120kg
Gestation3 ½ months
Birth1 to 6 (up to 9 in zoos)
Life-span10–15 years (up to 20 in zoos)
Diet
carnivorous (antelopes, giraffes, zebra, buffalos…)

Habitat
savannah and grassy prairies in Africa, forests in India

Range
Sub-Saharan Africa, India (Gir Reserve)


Lions are the only truly social cats, living in groups that generally comprise a coalition of adult males (often related), several adult females and their young. But these groups are fission/fusion societies, meaning that individuals come and go (alone or in small autonomous units), only occasionally coming back together.
 
Female lions are unique among cats in that they behave cooperatively, giving birth at the same time, raising their young in communities by allowing alloparenting, and hunting as a group.
 
More than 10,000 years ago, lions were widespread in Europe, Asia and Africa. Today they can only be found in Africa and north-west India, where 200 specimens survive in the Gir Reserve.




Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)

  • Not evaluated
    NE
  • Data deficient
    DD
  • Least concern
    LC
  • Near threatened
    NT
  • Vulnerable
    VU
  • Endangered
    EN
  •  Critically endangered
    CR
  • Extinct in the wild
    EW
  • Extinct
    EX

In the zoo