Jaguar Panthera onca (EEP)
Weightup to 130kg
Life-spanup to 20 years in zoos
carnivorous (peccaries, capybaras, tapirs, deer, caimans, tortoises…)
tropical forest, wooded savannah close to water
South and Central America, southern Arizona
The name jaguar comes from the Amer-Indian ‘yaguara’ meaning ‘the animal that kills its prey in one leap’. Indeed, jaguars are fearful predators who ambush their prey, biting them on the neck and suffocating them or else piercing the back of their skull with their canines.
Their spotted coats look like those of panthers save that jaguars have one or two black dots inside their black circular spots called ‘rosettes’.
Solitary creatures who can run fast but only over short distances, jaguars can also climb trees and are good swimmers. Black jaguars and spotted jaguars belong to the same species: black jaguars have melanism, meaning their skin has an excessive amount of dark pigment.