Jaguar

Jaguar Panthera onca (EEP)

ClassMammalia
OrderCarnivora
FamilyFelidae
Size1.1–1.7m
Weightup to 130kg
Gestation3 months
Birth2
Life-spanup to 20 years in zoos
Diet
carnivorous (peccaries, capybaras, tapirs, deer, caimans, tortoises…)

Habitat
tropical forest, wooded savannah close to water

Range
South and Central America, southern Arizona


The name jaguar comes from the Amer-Indian ‘yaguara’ meaning ‘the animal that kills its prey in one leap’. Indeed, jaguars are fearful predators who ambush their prey, biting them on the neck and suffocating them or else piercing the back of their skull with their canines.
 
Their spotted coats look like those of panthers save that jaguars have one or two black dots inside their black circular spots called ‘rosettes’.
 
Solitary creatures who can run fast but only over short distances, jaguars can also climb trees and are good swimmers. Black jaguars and spotted jaguars belong to the same species: black jaguars have melanism, meaning their skin has an excessive amount of dark pigment.




Status in the wild (Source: IUCN)

  • Not evaluated
    NE
  • Data deficient
    DD
  • Least concern
    LC
  • Near threatened
    NT
  • Vulnerable
    VU
  • Endangered
    EN
  •  Critically endangered
    CR
  • Extinct in the wild
    EW
  • Extinct
    EX

In the zoo